Canon cameras are renowned for their versatility and performance, catering to photographers of all skill levels.

Understanding the various shooting modes and settings is crucial to unlocking the full potential of your Canon camera.

In this guide, we’ll delve into the meanings and applications of the settings labeled C2, C1, B, M, AV, TV, P, A+, and SCN.

C2 and C1 (Custom Modes):

Canon cameras often come equipped with customizable settings, denoted as C1 and C2.

These custom modes allow you to save specific configurations tailored to your preferences or shooting conditions.

For instance, you can set C1 for landscape photography with your preferred aperture, shutter speed, and ISO, while C2 may be configured for low-light situations. These modes provide quick access to your preferred settings without the need for manual adjustments every time.

B (Bulb Mode):

Bulb mode is designed for long exposure shots where the shutter stays open as long as the shutter button is held down.

This is ideal for capturing light trails, fireworks, or any low-light scenario where a longer exposure time is required.

Use a tripod to avoid camera shake during the extended exposure.

M (Manual Mode):

Manual mode gives you full control over the exposure settings—aperture, shutter speed, and ISO.

It’s the most flexible mode and is often preferred by advanced photographers who want precise control over their camera settings.

Adjusting each parameter manually allows you to achieve the desired creative effects.

AV (Aperture Priority Mode):

In Aperture Priority mode, you set the desired aperture, and the camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed for proper exposure.

This mode is excellent for controlling depth of field; a wider aperture (lower f-number) results in a shallower depth of field, while a narrower aperture (higher f-number) increases depth of field.

TV (Shutter Priority Mode):

Shutter Priority mode lets you set the desired shutter speed while the camera automatically adjusts the aperture.

This mode is useful for capturing fast-moving subjects or controlling motion blur.

Use higher shutter speeds to freeze action or slower speeds for creative effects like motion blur.

P (Program Mode):

Program mode is a semi-automatic mode where the camera selects both the aperture and shutter speed.

However, you still have the flexibility to override these settings if needed.

It’s a convenient mode for photographers who want some control over exposure without diving into full manual control.

A+ (Automatic Mode):

Automatic mode, denoted as A+ or the green square, is the most beginner-friendly setting. In this mode, the camera makes all exposure decisions automatically.

It’s a great starting point for those new to photography, allowing them to focus on composition without worrying about technical settings.

SCN (Scene Modes):

Scene modes are pre-configured settings designed for specific shooting scenarios.

Common scene modes include portrait, landscape, macro, and sports. SCN simplifies the process by optimizing the camera settings for the selected scene, making it easier for beginners to capture well-exposed shots.


Understanding and mastering these settings will empower you to take full control of your Canon camera, catering to various shooting conditions and creative preferences.

Experiment with each mode to discover the possibilities and unleash your creativity through your lens.

Whether you’re capturing the dynamic motion of a tram or the serene beauty of a landscape, your Canon camera has the tools to bring your vision to life.


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